• In Linux everything is represented by a file and a folder.
  • bin/ This folder stands for binary and this is where all the programs.
  • boot/ This folder contains all the files that are required by the kernel to boot the machine and it’s a system folder.
  • dev folder represents all the devices on our machine.
  • etc folder has all sorts of configuration files for the system.
  • home This folder contains the user files.
  • lib/lib64 This folder where all the libraries lives that are required by the programs installed on the system. Basically there are dll files.
  • media folder is where your external devices show up like usb’s or external hard drive.
  • opt folder contains all the proprietary programs for linux such as google chrome, etc.
  • tmp folder contains all the temporary files and this directory is cleared when we reboot the system.
  • var folder is known as variable data and this where you will find all the system logs
  • sbin folder contains more system binaries that are used by the system.
  • root folder contains home directory for the root users.
  • usr Universal System Resources, this contains things like icons for desktop or other resources that are used by different programs.